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Apa References Textbook Multiple Authors Bibliography

Multiple Authors:

You can list up to seven authors in the Reference list citation. Always invert every author name to position the surname first and any initials second. See examples above. 

If you have more than seven authors, list the first six authors followed by an ellipsis and ending with the last author listed.  Example: Johnson, M. C., Carlson, M., Hanover, L. E., Chan, X. H., Smith, J. N. H., Kim, H. B., ... Watson, J. M.

No Author:

Sometimes you will not know the author's exact name.  If a source claims the author is "anonymous," then state the author as Anonymous.

If a source has no specific author but is the work of a larger group or organization, please follow the example below for group authors.

If a source provides Editor information instead of Author information, see the example below for editors.

If a source has no author listed, whether an individual or a group, do not include any author information, i.e. do not mark it as Anonymous. Instead list the source's Title first followed by the Date.  In this case you are marking the Title as the citation's main identifying component, which is usually the Author. To cite this source in-text, provide the Title with the Date instead of the Author with the Date.  See the Title breakdown for more information.   

Group Author:

If an organization, institution, corporation, and/or agency is the author, provide the full name of the group, not its initials or acronym.  

Order of Authors:

List authors according to the order they appear on the source. Do not alphabetize the names.

Similar Author Information:

If you are citing multiple items by the same author that were created the same year (e.g. multiple webpages on the same website), distinguish the sources by including letters in the Date information.  See the Date breakdown for more information.

If you have different authors with the same last name and initials, include their given names in brackets.   Example:

Jackson, S. [Samual].

Jackson, S. [Samantha].


If a source (usually a book) provides only Editor information, list the editors in place of the author.  You must include in parentheses Ed. or Eds. to distinguish the names as editors.  Example: Marquez, J. C., & Henderson, H. (Eds.).

If you are citing an edited book (i.e. a book that includes multiple chapters by different authors), leave the Author information as the citation's main identifying component as described above.  You should include the Editor information after the Title, but do not invert the editor's name.  Example: Asher, J. W. (2003). The rise to prominence: Educational psyhocology 1920-1960. In B. J. Zimmerman & D. H. Schunk (Eds.), Education psychology: A century of contributions, (pp. 189-205). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.


If an author has a hyphen in his or her first name, use initials and maintain the hyphen in your citation.  Example: Larson, J.-P. (for John-Paul Larson)

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)


NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors,subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname,followed by et al. and the year.


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)



Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  


Example 1 (In-text citation rule for 3-5 authors)


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001)


      NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Westhues et al., 2001)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):


      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)



Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56.doi:10.1080/02615470020028364


Example 2 (In-text citation rule for 6 authors or more)


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Dietz et al., 2007)

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Dietz et al., 2007, p. 1518)



Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., & Hornbrook, M. C.     (2007).Clinically identified maternal depression before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1515-1520. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.061118936