The AP English Literature essay portion of the AP exam is challenging for many students. Not only is it testing you on your ability to analyze higher level pieces of literature, but in order to provide an adequate analysis of a piece of literature, you have to have some key themes and novel highlights memorized, so you’re able to provide evidence for analysis.
The third question on the free response question section of the exam will particularly test you on this. The third FRQ question provides you with a prompt, and a list of recommended books that apply to the prompt given. You are tasked with selecting a book, coming up with a thesis and a point to answer the prompt and provide evidence from the novel you choose. The AP English Literature exam does not expect you to have specific lines and page numbers memorized from every book you covered throughout your class. However, a great way to be prepared for the FRQ section is to know key themes and important scenes of the novels you covered. Another great way to be prepared is through FRQ practice. So, for this AP English Literature Ultimate Guide, we will be covering how to use The Great Gatsby for the 2016, 2007 and 2005 free response questions.
The Great Gatsby AP English Lit essay Themes
The Great Gatsby is a story narrated by Nick Carraway, who had once been Jay Gatsby’s neighbor. The story takes place during the roaring 20’s and begins with Nick’s desire to become a bonds salesman and moves from the Midwest to West Egg, Long Island. The novel tells the story of Jay Gatsby and his affair with Daisy Buchanan as well as the rest of the events that unfold that summer.
A central theme to The Great Gatsby is honesty. The main characters, mostly Gatsby and Daisy, are among the most dishonest; however, their dishonesty is not as black and white as it is in some other novels. Carraway suspects Gatsby of lying about his past and is also aware of his bootlegging and illegal business dealings. Daisy is also dishonest about many things in her life, not just her affair with Gatsby. The irony of honesty in the story is that Daisy is indignant at Gatsby’s lies, despite her dishonesty, and Daisy’s husband Tom is intolerant of her affair with Gatsby, despite lying about his affair.
Gender roles appear as a major theme in The Great Gatsby as well, although they are stereotypically conservative. The way gender roles are presented in the Great Gatsby is that men work in order to have money for the maintenance of their women and that men are superior/dominant over the females in their lives. However, despite the conservative gender roles of the book, women have just as complex characters as the men. Rather than being portrayed as either virgin or vamp, they have more three-dimensional personalities and flaws.
Another central theme in The Great Gatsby is the theme of class structure and society. Class is presented in the novel through the separation of East Egg and West Egg; East egg represents the families who are typically old money, while West Egg represents the families of new money. Gatsby is exceedingly aware of this separation, and is shown throughout the novel desperately trying to achieve an air of old money.
How to use The Great Gatsby for the 2016 AP English Literature Free Response Question
For the third free response questions you are given a general prompt, but you have to select what book you feel you should use to answer the FRQ. The exam provides you with a list of which to choose from, but it is your ultimate decision. For the purpose of this Ultimate Guide, we will demonstrate how to use The Great Gatsby for the AP English Literature essay.
The 2016 AP English Literature FRQ gives you this prompt:
“Many works of literature contain a character who intentionally deceives others. The character’s dishonesty may be intended either to help or to hurt. Such a character, for example, may choose to mislead others for personal safety, to spare someone’s feelings, or to carry out a crime. Choose a novel or play in which a character deceives others. Then, in a well-written essay, analyze the motives for that character’s deception and discuss how the deception contributes to the meaning of the work as a whole. You may choose a work from the list below or another work of comparable literary merit. Do not merely summarize the plot.”
Deception and lies are a recurring theme in The Great Gatsby; deception is prevalent in the novel as a whole, in individual characters deceiving others, and in characters deceiving themselves.
Throughout the book, the narrator Nick Carraway is fascinated by the incredible stories that arise about Jay Gatsby’s life prior to meeting him. In the book, Carraway suspects that Gatsby is lying about what has happened in his life, either because Gatsby has something to hide or maybe because he is embarrassed about the truth. For supporting evidence to answer this FRQ, any example of a story that Gatsby told Carraway about his life could be used. The lies that Gatsby professes about his parents, or the time he spent in Europe, or the honors bestowed upon him from his time in the army.
The character of Daisy Buchanan is also a deceiving character in the novel; she frequently makes untrue statements about her child, as well as her marriage and the affair she has with Gatsby. Her deception begins with her husband as she starts lying to him about her affair with Gatsby. Her back-and-forth attitude about whether or not she loves her husband Tom, and Gatsby, also shows her own self-deception. She may want to keep her social balance by staying married to her husband, but she may also by lying to herself about whether she truly loved either of them.
How to use The Great Gatsby for the 2007 AP English Literature Free Response Question
The 2007 AP English Literature FRQ gives you this prompt:
“In many works of literature, past events can affect, positively or negatively, the present actions, attitudes, or values of a character. Choose a novel or play in which a character must contend with some aspect of the past, either personal or societal. Then write an essay in which you show how the character’s relationship to the past contributes to the meaning of the work as a whole. You may choose a work from the list below or another appropriate novel or play of similar literary merit. Do not merely summarize the plot.”
The past is an exceedingly prevalent theme in The Great Gatsby. Gatsby himself is haunted by the past, and it is clear that he pushes himself and those around him to replicate the past he wishes he was able to have. There is even a scene where Carraway tells Gatsby he can’t replicate the past, to which Gatsby tells him that of course he can. Gatsby is deep into his belief that with all of his money, he will be able to recreate the past.
Gatsby also seems to be trying to recapture the past with Daisy; his obsession with her is encapsulated with his dedication to trying to create the perfect past with Daisy. He believes that his month long affair with Daisy can rewrite the extensive past she has with her husband Tom. He even purchased the mansion on the “west egg” so that he could be across the bay from Daisy in the hopes that she would one day attend one of his lavish parties in order for him to win Daisy back.
How to use The Great Gatsby for the 2005 AP English Literature Free Response Question
The 2005 AP English Literature FRQ provides you with this prompt:
“One of the strongest human drives seems to be a desire for power. Write an essay in which you discuss how a character in a novel or a drama struggles to free himself or herself from the power of others or seeks to gain power over others. Be sure to demonstrate in your essay how the author uses this power struggle to enhance the meaning of the work. You may choose one of the works listed or another work of comparable quality that is appropriate to the question.”
The desire for power in The Great Gatsby is centralized around two things: money and class. For a possible thesis, you can incorporate how Gatsby is seeking power through trying to use his money to attempt to buy “old money” status, which is in part due to the fact that in his society people view their money as their power.
Another possible thesis is to discuss the various power struggles that occur between characters in the novel. For example, Tom continuously seeks to prove his dominance (and therefore, power) over the other women in the novel. There are a number of specific examples throughout the book, however it is not necessary for you to have them all memorized. He also uses winning the heart of Daisy to show Gatsby that he has all the power.
Daisy is another character who is locked in a power struggle, and the majority of the time it’s with her husband Tom. She marries Tom because of his wealth and status, in order for her to maintain power and status. She also uses Gatsby as a pawn to attempt to gain power over her husband, as well as to make herself feel more powerful.
If you are considering using The Great Gatsby for the AP English Literature essay on the FRQ portion of your exam, it’s crucial that you have a grasp on the major themes of the novel. When you are confronted with the third FRQ and tasked with selecting a book, you shouldn’t just choose a book because it’s the one you know most about. Make sure that the book you are selecting is one that you know enough about to provide adequate literary evidence for the essay, as well as the most applicable to the prompt given. However, for the three examples used in this Ultimate Guide, The Great Gatsby is an excellent choice for all three.
It’s perfectly normal to be stressed and concerned about the AP English Literature essay on the FRQ portion of your upcoming exam, but this Ultimate Guide to the 2016, 2007, and 2005 AP English Literature FRQ should help calm your nerves! Are you looking for a more general overview of the AP English Literature FRQs or you want writing advice for the FRQ section? Then check out our Ultimate Guide to 2016 AP English Literature FRQs and our Ultimate Guide to 2015 AP English Literature FRQs. Our AP English Literature section also has practice free response questions with both sample responses and rubrics to help you practice for the AP English Literature exam. The more you practice, the more you will feel prepared for whatever prompts the exam throws your way. Good luck!
Looking for AP English Literature practice?
Kickstart your AP English Literature prep with Albert. Start your AP exam prep today.
Want to get your students thinking deeper and excited to write about the bigger ideas and themes of The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald?
The prompts, guides, handouts, rubrics, and suggestions here are all proven to work based on sixteen years of teaching writing to all levels of high school. It’s not easy to take students through a writing assignment or to get them to improve their skills, but with the right tools, it can be done.
When you teach with these writing prompts you will:
• conquer your students’ fear of writing by helping them work through step-by-step, low-key processes for writing
• improve your students writing fluency by getting them to write every single day
• easily manage your classes and start class off with a calm focused routine when students write on the bellringer prompts
• bring your students’ writing to the next level by incorporating argument writing, creative writing, freewriting, and different lengths and types of assignments
• witness your students discover their excitement for writing when they play with innovative creative assignments and prompts
• challenge your students to write longer and more independent assignments by providing them with the necessary scaffolding
• quickly and efficiently grade your students’ work by using the included rubrics
With 136 bellringer prompts and 5 different writing assignments ranging from literary analysis to a a fun research-based creative writing project, this resource will engage your students on a deeper level and make it easier for you to incorporate writing into your unit on The Great Gatsby.
Here's what you'll get when you buy this resource:
First I have included 136 bellringer prompts. You'll love starting each class with a quick five-minute freewrite. It’s a great way to get students focused and thinking about the themes of the day. From creative writing ideas, to questions that will get your students thinking, there is plenty here. There are slides for all 136 prompts, so that you will have a rigorous activity ready to go at the beginning of class. These prompts also make great choices for journals done at home.
The second kind of writing included here is reading logs. These are also a kind of write-to-learn assignment. You will have two ways of breaking down this writing for students. With the practical guide included here, your students will be writing independently on the novel in no time. You can view the full-priced version of this resource by clicking here .
The third option for a writing assignment tasks students with taking one or more of the idea-based prompts from the bellringers and turning it into an evidence-based essay. You will appreciate the step-by-step instructions for that assignment as well. This is a more challenging assignment than the others, but if students are taken through it step by step, they should find success with their writing. This essay is one that students should complete after reading the novel.
The fourth option for writing a piece based on the ideas and themes of the novel is a comparative essay. Your students will complete this assignment over two class periods—with one day to complete the graphic organizer and one to write the essay.In order to complete this assignment, they’ll have to read other texts that they can compare with the themes of the novel—those texts are not included in this resource, but this unit would work great.
The fifth option is for students to complete a creative writing assignment in which they write historical fiction using The Great Gatsby as their research source. This is a fun, low-key way for students to focus on the vocabulary, customs, and objects of the period while sharpening their creative writing and storytelling skills. You can view the full-priced version of this resource by clicking here .