Celebrated on the third Monday in January, Martin Luther King Day is a national holiday that honors the United States’ most famous civil-rights activist.
The Rev. Dr. King’s peaceful struggle against racial discrimination came to national attention in 1955, when he led a boycott protesting laws that required blacks and whites to sit in separate sections on buses. He was jailed and physically attacked, and his home was bombed, but in 1956 the Supreme Court declared such laws unconstitutional.
In 1963, King delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech before a quarter million people during the peaceful March on Washington, D.C. The next year he became the youngest man, at 35, to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. He continued fighting for civil rights and against poverty until an assassin’s bullet ended his life on April 4, 1968.
Four days later, U.S. Congressman John Conyers introduced legislation providing for a federal holiday remembering King. Coretta Scott King, his widow, founded the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Center in Atlanta, and in 1969 it began holding annual celebrations of King’s birthday (January 15).
Through the 1970s, a few states — including Illinois, Massachusetts, and Connecticut — established King holidays, but in 1979 the Conyers bill was defeated in the House of Representatives by just five votes. The next year, pop star Stevie Wonder released the single “Happy Birthday” to help publicize the cause.
Essay on Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and The Civil Rights Movement
2125 Words9 Pages
Martin Luther King jr. was one of the most influential persons of the 20th Century. He is the father of the modern civil rights movement, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., is recognized around the world as a symbol of freedom as well as peace. King practiced everything that he preached, he did not preach or speak values that he himself did not follow. He established himself as a pastor that was not afraid of hard work, guiding the middle-class congregation to public service. For example, Peake, Thomas R. author of "Martin Luther King, Jr.” states, “He encouraged his parishioners to help the needy and to be active in organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)”. I think that kings motivation…show more content…
He did not stop there with his progression of knowledge; he was a firm believer in the term “knowledge is power”, which he demonstrated by attending Boston University. While in Boston, King met Coretta Scott, a music student and native of Alabama. Despite there career incompatibility as stated in the Peake’s book "My Life With Martin Luther King, Jr.”, “preparing for professions that at first seemed incompatible”. According to the "Martin Luther King Jr. Timeline.” they were married in 1953 and had four children. In 1954 King accepted his first pastorate at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. were he earned yet another degree, this one being a doctoral degree in systematic theology in June of 1955 and was also the year King's first child is born, Yolanda Denise, in November of 1955. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. had a very motivated love for expressing himself. This love originated from his upbringing in a religious home. Peake, Thomas R., author of "The Speeches Of Martin Luther King, Jr.” supports this idea by stating “Kings father, the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr., was the pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church and a seminal influence in shaping his