...Nutrition and Academic Performance 1 NUTRITION AND ITS EFFECTS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE HOW CAN OUR SCHOOLS IMPROVE? By Amy Ross SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS EDUCATION AT NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNDERSITY July 28, 2010 APPROVED BY: DATE: Derek L. Anderson, Ed.D. August 2, 2010 Nutrition and Academic Performance 2 Table of contents Abstract ...…………………………………………………………………………………………3 Chapter I: Introduction…………………………………………………………………………….…4 Statement of Problems…………………………………………………………………….8 Research Questions…………………………………………………………………….…9 Definition of Terms ……………………………….…………………………………….10 Chapter II: Review of the Literature Nutrition and Cognition ………………………..……………………………………….11 Food Insufficiency …………………………..………………………………………….24 School Food Programs ……………………………...…………………………………..35 Chapter III: Results and Analysis …………………………..…………………………………..51 Chapter IV: Recommendations and Conclusion ……………………...………………………..54 References...………………………………………………………………………………..…...59 Nutrition and Academic Performance 3 Abstract The purpose of this paper was to review existing literature about past research that highlighted studies concerning nutrition and its relationship to brain function, cognition, learning, and social behaviors. There is evidence that school breakfast and lunch programs are not up to par with current United States Department of Agriculture standards and that USDA standards may not be utilizing the latest research...
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...Nutrition I have always had a strong desire to help others. Nutrition has always fascinated me. I constantly look for updated information on our health and nutrition, but I haven’t had the opportunity to consult with anyone in my field, until I met Renita Dastrup. The interview gave me a great outlook on nutrition. As a result of the interview I found out that I want to study the physiological approach to nutrition rather than the Chemistry aspect. After a few days of playing phone tag, I contacted Dastrup. She gladly accepted the opportunity to let me interview her. I was able to meet with her, it was late afternoon. A slight breeze blew and the heavy clouds moved slowly resulting in brief moments of piercing sunlight. We agreed to meet outside the clubhouse of my apartment building. She is a blonde-haired blue eyed lady, she has and athletic build. As she looked in my direction, her eyes lit up, and the corners of her mouth displayed her smile, it beamed like a perfect pearl necklace. The dimples in her cheeks appeared as her whole face showed amusement upon meeting me. Dastrup a mother of two, worked as a Real Estate and Mortgage Broker for over eighteen years. She enjoyed her job, but she wasn’t where she wanted to be. Her choice to go back to school at the age of thirty eight was very difficult. When she decided to go back to school, she quit her job so she could pursue her passion. She has always been interested in nutrition, but she never thought she would......
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...Toni Mia Duran Bio 314- Nutrition Professor Sillanpaa October 16, 2013 The Differences There is lipid and proteins in many things we eat. One healthy example of a lipid would be grilled chicken. Chicken is a good source of protein when it is not soaked in olive oil and the extra fattening products that can be added. Grilling the chicken cuts back the intake of lipids. An unhealthy lipid would be a hamburger. Either way you get the hamburger meat whether you get the patties ready or make them yourselves, they are filled with grease. Unlike chicken, the grease stays in the hamburger patty. There are also healthy and unhealthy amino acids and proteins. Fish would be a good example of healthy protein. It is considered on of the best intakes for protein. It is not only good for that, but helps the brain too. An example for an unhealthy amino acid and protein would be maltodextrin. This is used is in artificial dietary fiber. It is made from corn and is very hard to digest. One thing it does do is make a person feel full for the meantime. As bad as it is, I like some fatty foods such as hamburgers. I do not eat them every day, but they are fast and easy. Chicken is very good as well. It is so easy to eat junk food. It is so convenient and so fast to either grab or even make at home. One thing I do not like AT ALL is fish, any of it. Although it is very healthy and good for my body, fish is something I will avoid. Learning about the effects of lipids opens my eyes to see...
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...Nutrition and fitness as active parts of our lives In other times, the recommendations in the field of nutrition and fitness suggested that the majority of the people should carry out an intense physical activity during a minimum of twenty minutes a day. Scientists and health professionals have realized that this level of activity is excessive for most people. In addition, it has been discovered that do not need to strive both to obtain the benefits that exercise contributes to our health. Brisk walking or almost all the days for approximately thirty minutes helps improve physical and mental well-being. Physical exercise in brief sessions, for example, two or three sessions of ten minutes each, is almost as effective as exercise steadily during the same time and is easier to adapt to the pace of life today. For those who don't like or making it impossible to do exercise in a planned way, the fact to avoid or reduce the time spent in sedentary activities can be equally beneficial. For example, the simple fact of stand for one hour a day instead of sitting down to watch TV consumes the equivalent of 1-2 kg of fat per year. Obese people should choose carefully the type of exercise they are going to perform in order to avoid any injury to the joints caused by the practice of intense activities in which they have to support their own weight. Swimming and biking are two good options for people who are overweight. A good nutrition and fitness increases life expectancy......
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...it is because nutrient rich food is consumed over a longer period of time or because it contains a wider variety of complex nutrients, the reason is unknown. The results, however, remain apparent. Some dietary factors leading to good health simply cannot be found in supplements and nothing can substitute for a healthy balanced diet of whole foods. * * * * * * * References American Heart Association. (2014, February 26). Vitamin supplements: Healthy or hoax?. Retrieved April 14, 2014 from https://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Vitamin-Supplements-Healthy-or-Hoax_UCM_432104_Article.jsp Mayo Clinic Staff. (2013, January 19). Supplements: Nutrition in a pill?. Nutrition and Healthy Eating. Retrieved April 13, 2014 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/supplements/art-20044894?pg=1...
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...Nutrition and Recovery Nutrition and Recovery Nutrition affects every part of our daily lives. We eat nutritional foods to stay healthy and live active lives. We also eat nutritiously to regain our lives after an accident or surgery. This paper highlights the importance of nutrition after surgery. Nutrition plays an important role in the reducing the risk of infection and wound healing after surgery. Understanding how nutrition can benefit as well as hurt recovery after surgery when caring for all patients. Malnutrition as a result of critical illness has been defined as ‘acute disease or injury-related malnutrition’, which is associated with severe, acute inflammation. During periods of critical illness, the inflammatory response elevates energy expenditure and nitrogen excretion that is only partially attenuated by the provision of nutritional support. Contributing to this weight loss is inadequate nutritional intake with ICU patients only receiving 60–80% of their prescribed energy and protein requirements.( JCN, 2014) These suboptimal intakes result from delays in initiating feeding and feed interruptions due to nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, large gastric aspirates, tube displacement, investigations and prolonged fasting for procedures. Oral diet following extubation from mechanical ventilation has also been shown to be inadequate. Peterson assessed the oral intake of 50 patients for the first...
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...Comparing Nutrition Labels Nutrition labels are intended to help people make healthier choices when it comes to the food they eat. Consumers recognize nutrition labels as tools to help improve their health and can find an abundance of valuable information pertaining to specific items. The presence of nutritional information may influence the consumer to switch from unhealthy food products towards healthy food products, but only if they understand how to read a nutrition label. Reading a food label at first can be confusing, however it will help the consumer to select foods that will provide the accurate amount of nutrients and energy that the body needs. There are specific things to look for on a food label that can differentiate an unhealthy food from a healthy food. When comparing an avocado to Ben and Jerry’s Chunky Monkey ice cream, we know that an avocado is the healthier choice, but it is important to understand why. When comparing nutrition labels, the first place you should start is the serving size and the number of servings in the package. Serving size is used to make it easier to compare similar foods. The serving size on a package affects the number of calories and all nutrient amounts within the product. For example, the serving size for an avocado is based on 1/5 of a medium avocado, or 1 oz. With such a small portion size, an avocado is packed with vitamins, minerals, and essential. Conversely, Ben and Jerry’s Chunky Monkey nutrition label offers a much......
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...| Module One : Introduction to Nutrition Hot Sheet | | | | | | | | The following provides you with a "Hot Sheet" of helpful bullet points that you can refer to for information on this module, as well as suggestions for your journal entry for this module. Remember, working though these journal entries at the end of each module will help you create your Final learning statement at the end of the course. So take a moment to use your journal and write down your thoughts to the questions below. | | | | Journal Entry #1 : Preparation for Your Final Learning Statement | | | | So far in this module we have covered the definitions of nutrition and energy, label reading, the USDA Pyramid Food Guidance System, USDA Dietary Guidelines and the Exchange System for menu planning. In preparation for your final learning statement that is submitted at the end of the course. I would like you to:Log onto: www.mypyramid.gov and calculate your personal food intake needed to maintain your current weight, etc. Most of us learn by applying concepts, especially about nutrition and health to our own lives. There is a wealth of information and tracking sheets that the USDA has created that you may choose to use in your daily lives.Please write in your journal your thoughts on the concepts learned in this module. Review the sections if you need to. After looking at your MyPyramid Plan comment on your intake of adequate calories and whether or not you meet any of these......
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...Phoenix Nutritional Needs Nutrition is the major intrauterine environmental factor that alters expression of the fetal genome and may have lifelong consequences. This phenomenon, termed “fetal programming,” has led to the recent theory of “fetal origins of adult disease.” Namely, alterations in fetal nutrition and endocrine status may result in developmental adaptations that permanently change the structure, physiology, and metabolism of the offspring, thereby predisposing individuals to metabolic, endocrine, and cardiovascular diseases in adult life. Animal studies show that both maternal undernutrition and over nutrition reduce placental-fetal blood flows and stunt fetal growth. Impaired placental syntheses of nitric oxide (a major vasodilator and angiogenesis factor) and polyamines (key regulators of DNA and protein synthesis) may provide a unified explanation for intrauterine growth retardation in response to the 2 extremes of nutritional problems with the same pregnancy outcome. There is growing evidence that maternal nutritional status can alter the epigenetic state (stable alterations of gene expression through DNA methylation and histone modifications) of the fetal genome. This may provide a molecular mechanism for the impact of maternal nutrition on both fetal programming and genomic imprinting. Promoting optimal nutrition will not only ensure optimal fetal development, but will also reduce the risk of chronic diseases in adults. Maternal nutrition plays a......
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...it will enable you to understand and offer suitable foods to ensure your nutritional needs are met. Macronutrients are the nutrients that provide calories and energy in a diet, nutrients are needed for growth, metabolism and for other body functions. As “macro” means large, macronutrients are the nutrients needed in large amounts, There are three different types of macronutrients; carbohydrates which is made up of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues, these are included in starch, sugars and cellulose. Protein is the digestion to amino acids and has relationships with muscle mass; protein also affects the activity and metabolic rates. Lipids are the third main class of macronutrients needed in human nutrition. Lipids are found primarily in meats, and dairy foods. They are a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids. Micronutrients are different from macronutrients (like carbohydrates, proteins and fat) they are only necessary in tiny amounts. Nevertheless micronutrients are essential for good health, if you have a micronutrient deficiencies it can cause serious health problems. Micronutrient includes a lot of dietary minerals such as zinc and iodine these are necessary for the healthy functioning of your body’s system, from bone growth to brain function. Micronutrients are commonly known as “vitamins” the vitamins they hold are vitamin A, C, D, and K. Making sure that you eat these vitamins in a healthy balanced diet is really......
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...extremely important to pregnant women and their unborn child. There are specific nutritional needs required for embryos and fetus to obtain the essentials for healthy growth. Poor nutrition during the gestation period can cause health concerns and can lead to disease in some cases. The writings will examine positive and negative nutritional selections for mom and baby. Once a child is born, there has been concern around breast-feeding or formula feeding. An examination with pros and cons will be identified. In conclusion, examples for the readers on obtaining more information concerning nutrition will be provided. All examples will include major providers of nutritional information. Nutritional needs for development Nutritional needs for growing babies and fetuses are extremely important. Folic acid is on the top of the nutritional list, this nutrient prevents spina bifida complications during the beginning stages. The mother needs this during pregnancy to prevent anemia, which occurs often with mothers. There is an array of foods that provide folic acid; lentils, dried peas and nuts, greens and asparagus, and citrus fruit and juice. The American Pregnancy Association stated that folic acid makes the extra blood your body requires during pregnancy, (2016). Health concerns with poor nutrition during gestation period During the gestation period a women do not have to focus on a specific diet, but should maintain a healthy diet to gain the nutrients needed for the period...
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Reflections on Nutrition
...Reflections on Nutrition YOUR NAME INSTITUTION Reflections on Nutrition This class helped me realize that one of the major keys to health and happiness is healthy nutrition and exercise. All assignments played an important role in convincing me to start implementing a balanced nutritional plan in order to maintain a healthy weight. Starting with the first assignment “Healthy Eating Plan”, I learned that appropriate nutrition not only guides me to a learned dedication, but it also leads to a lifetime practice on the way to a healthy extensive life. After submitting the assignment I was aware that proper nutrition can be achieved only through consuming all necessary nutrients in different amounts and that some nutrients are more important than others. For example, protein broken down to amino acids serves as unifying enzymes, antibodies, vitamins, and hormones; carbohydrates including fiber is the energy supplier to the body which in turn spreads it to the brain, central nervous system, and red blood cells; fibers’ function is to prevent diseases such as coronary heart disease and diabetes; fats also supply energy and increase the body absorbance of vitamins. The recommendations gathered from MyFoodPyramid has been a guide in balancing my individual nutritional needs with physical activity and allowed developing a plan that maintains a healthy weight and prevents disease appearing. The assignment on......
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Reflections on Nutrition
...Title: Reflections on Nutrition Course: SCI/241 Date: 4/3/12 Instructor: Kantrell Brown Before I took this class I slept, eat, and drank because I was tired, hungry, or thirsty. My stomach was rumbling, I was bored, sad, happy, or just because ice cream and donuts looked and tasted good. I never really gave much thought into why my body needs food. I now realize that the food we eat provides the energy our bodies need to function. Like gas in one’s car or recharging our cell phones our bodies need to be fed energy to maintain our activities every day. It is our little helpers of vitamins and minerals that provide the adequate balance that keeps or bodies healthy. Every assignment that we had to do was a new learning experience. I like every assignment because it taught me something that I never thought about, especially the digestive system. This makes me realize how intricate our bodies are, and the transformation that happen when we open our mouth. It taught me how food and liquid are absorbed by the entire body and how this complex system is the secret to our health. Understanding how miraculous our bodies really work helped me understand why it is important to eating right. The one assignment that affected me the most was the dehydration one. I am not much of a drinker, and I usually do not drink unless I am thirsty...
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Reflections on Nutrition Sci 241 Week9
...Reflections on Nutrition SCI/241 4/4/2011 Summer Groff Week 9 Checkpoint Reflecting on what I have studied so far on nutrition, using my assignments completed up until this point is that I have come to the knowledge of how the human body works from the moment food enters the mouth through digestion and coming out as waste. I have also obtained knowledge about how the body changes through aging, and how diet and exercise can actually help the body’s digestion and growth process. I have learned through doing research throughout my course on nutrition, which has helped me gained understanding on what to do to stay healthy as I age. The assignment that I enjoyed throughout this class is the three day activity analysis. After completing the analysis I became aware of what I was eating and made me aware that food is the body’s main source of fuel, which means that nutrients in food gives the body cells energy to function. I am now cautious and made changes of what I eat. Making healthy decisions and adding daily exercise to my life style has improved my health. Another assignment I enjoyed was week 5 on dehydration. I learned much about the importance of water and how the body needs water to function adequately. Water washes away and cleanse out toxins, it also assists the cell functioning, and is the primary aid of the ear, nose and throat functioning. Water also bathes the cells in the body and serves as a lubricant; it cleanses both external and internal......
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Reflections on Nutrition
...Throughout the class I have learned many things about nutrition that I did not know about my own health. The assignments on the diet analysis, obesity, and healthy eating plan helped me learn the most about my nutrition and what I can do to improve it. The assignment that I enjoyed the most was the three-day diet analysis for both week one and week six. These assignments helped me see what I was consuming too much of and what I was not consuming enough of. I found out that I was consuming too much of the mineral sodium, which in my family leads to high blood pressure. I also found out that I am not consuming near enough fruits and vegetables. Both weeks I was hardly eating any fruit at all. Since I have been consuming more fruits and vegetables I find that I am less hungry throughout the day. The discussion question topic that interested me the most was the second discussion question in week six about obesity. We had to visit the American Obesity Awareness website and answer the question of what we learned about obesity from that site that we did not know before. I was completely unaware that obesity can cause cancer. I was amazed at that fact. I was also amazed of the fact that 200 million Americans are either considered obese or overweight, that is a lot of people. The assignment that affected me the most in terms of overall health and nutrition was the healthy eating plan assignment from week one. This assignment helped me see what foods I was missing from my diet......
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Three Day Diet Analysis Essay
Over the past several years I have thought about the type of food that I eat and how complacent I have become when it comes to my diet and exercise. I am getting older and with age come difficulty in shedding unwanted pounds. The Science of Nutrition has definitely been an eye opener and valuable tool that has made me feel a sense of responsibility for my health because now I know better. The assignment that I enjoyed the most was the Dehydration assignment during week five.
I know that not drinking enough water while exercising and sweating or during times of illness with bouts of fever to replace the water loss in the body could require medical attentive in severe cases. What I didn’t know was that over-hydration results in complications called water toxicity. Water toxicity occurs when the body experiences a loss of water and minerals while sweating which causes a dilution of sodium in the body.
Symptoms that occur are similar to that of dehydration which includes nausea, muscle cramps, disorientation and slurred speech. The assignment that affected my life in terms of overall health was during week six while completing the “Three Day Activity “ and the “Three Day Diet Analysis” I realized that the foods I consume are do not promote good health and could cause some long term problems for me in the future. At times I would eat too many calories and at other times too few.
My current diet consists of primarily fast foods that do not provide the proper daily nutrients. Today I scheduled an appointment to join Weight Watchers because I need help with meal planning and I also need the support of others in order to get my life on the right track. I realize that I can’t do this on my own because I have spent many years trying unsuccessfully. This class has encouraged me to become serious about making a commitment to change.
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