Many communities and societies across the world are plagued with the challenge of hunger. There is quite a huge number of the world population suffering from hunger and the problem does not seem to have a permanent solution. Today, hunger has been experienced all over the world due to drought and famine and bad governance as well. While some of the challenges that we have cannot be controlled, some especially those related to food provision are as a result of human mistakes. To a larger extent, world hunger today is as a result of poor policy and governance. The prioritization of many governments across the world lack very important aspects of managing the welfare of its people. Agriculture has been the main sector supporting lives directly. However, its potential has not fully been exploited in many parts of the world.
Today, more than eight hundred and five million people in the universe do not have sufficient food according to the 2014 reports by the state of food insecurity in the world. It is very alarming to note the many people that have died of poverty and hunger on an annual basis more than the death caused by malaria, AIDS and tuberculosis put together. Poverty and hunger has made very many people vulnerable across the world. Almost 1.2 billion across the globe are suffering from hunger due to their poverty conditions. While global hunger has seen a decreased rate, the issue has still continued to claim lives. It is therefore important to come up with measures aimed at addressing this issue to make people live comfortably.
Food insecurity is a very precarious situation to live with. Hunger is a global issue because one stricken region will definitely draw attention from other parts of the world. Poor countries have been affected by volatile food prices in recent times and have become unstable over some time now. The issue is affected by a number of factors. The competition for food resources is increasing by the day and the balance needs to be created based on such factors. The issue requires an extrapolation of the provision today with a factor rate of population growth. This is the only way through which world hunger will be curbed. As it stands today, more than three-quarters of the world’s poor populace now living in the rural areas rely on agriculture for sustenance. The sector has not produced sufficiently for the masses and artificial farming methods are being sought to provide a solution to the unfailing rains that support agriculture. World hunger has now become a global concern that needs the input of all.
Need: (Within the framework of disasters, hunger claim the biggest proportion of recorded deaths.)
Statistics: (it is estimated at 9 million people succumbing to death annually.
While 1.2 billion, are immensely affected by hunger due to malnutrition, (Peoples and Bailey, 97). Basics account that world hunger is caused by poverty and the changing weather patterns. However, while such observations true, other opinions subdues such an argument. A close observation reveals that the world is abundant with enough food to feed the rest of humanity.
Research indicates that, the world has enough food production plentifully sufficient to feed about 4 pounds of grains per person daily. Shockingly, even nations that have plenty of food reserves, a section of the population starve (Peoples and Bailey, P. 68). The reasons for such occurrences are the foundation for research by academicians, government stakeholders and policy makers; for the actual reasons why there is unending hunger in the world. The world Bank Report asserts that an estimated 60% of malnutrition cases occur in countries with adequate food production (Bassett, Alex and Winter-Nelson, 2010).
Action step: (This implies that increasing food production is not a bearable option to eradicate hunger in the world. For example, the green revolution was a strategy developed by the World Bank in conjunction with various relief organizations across the world. The strategy achieved remarkable food production in, Mexico, India Brazil, and Philippines (Peoples and Bailey, P. 234). Nevertheless; a keen observation revealed that hunger was still a problem in the aforementioned states.)
Evidence: (The reason for huger prevalence is because; focusing on food production hinders distribution strategies, which ensures that food reaches those who deserve it. On the other hand, hunger is prevalent in the world due to natural disasters such draught, storms and floods. Whenever Natural disasters occur, the poor and vulnerable like children are the most affected in society. This can be due to denial by due powers the capability to obtain land or they earn low wages that cannot sustain them throughout their lives, (Winter-Nelson et al, P.123).)
Another postulation why there is world hunger is because of large-scale farming. Many researchers have posited that large-scale farming is a remedy for world hunger, nevertheless given that, a bigger proportion of farmers are in the Agricultural sector and practicing small-scale farming. They have the ability to reverse the trend since small scale farming cost -efficient way of food production. Researchers have found that, small-scale farming attain a high output per acreage since they exploit their farms more often and use intensive techniques to realize a continuous outcome. World hunger can be eradicated if the affected regions embark on land redistribution guidelines. It is not an easy strategy; however, Brazil has attained food security due to land redistribution techniques (Almeida and Transnational Institute, P.78)…”
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