Being a student always means doing a lot of written assignments: book or movie reviews, essays, research and term papers, lab reports etc. Essay and paper writing are probably the most popular among them. Popular but, to tell the truth, not the easiest.
Very often students face difficulties while writing these two types of assignments. So there is a need to remind, in brief, how a good essay and paper should look. Let’s do it by choosing some particular topics for them. For example, let’s talk about essay on unemployment and euthanasia research paper writing.
Essay on Unemployment: Writing Tips
First of all, your essay on unemployment should start with an introduction. There your thesis statement, which is the main idea of your essay, the one you will develop in your body paragraphs, should be written.
In your body paragraphs your task is to explain the problem issue of your essay unemployment to your readers. This should be done in three paragraphs. Remember that each paragraph should contain a topic sentence and all the other sentences should support it.
The final part of your essay on unemployment is your conclusions. Here all your thoughts should be summarized and a general conclusion should be given. Try not to make this part of your essay too long. Short, clear conclusions are always better than the long ones.
Unemployment Essay Sample
What are the cities with the highest rate of unemplyment in the world? What are the economical reasons for such high rates?
One of the socio-economic problems of the current stage of development of the United States is the problem of unemployment. The unemployment entails the squandering of the main productive force of the society – the labor force – on an enormous scale, a significant reduction in the national income and country’s potential gross product. Apparently, with incomplete use of available labor resources, the economic system works without reaching the limits of its production (Rampell 49) capabilities. Thus, the unemployment rate is one of the key indicators for determining the general state of the economy, for assessing its effectiveness and because of this, the problem of unemployment in the United States is becoming extremely topical.
The unemployment is a macroeconomic issue that has the most direct and substantial impact on every person living in the country. It is necessary to understand that unemployment represents a part of the population of the country consisting of people who have reached the working age, are unemployed and are in search of work during a given period of (Rampell 49) time. A mass unemployment during the economic crisis of 2008-2009 was a real catastrophe for the American people. According to the contracts of the Department of Labor, the unemployment in September 2009 was 9.8% and since that time it continues to (Bureau of Labor Statistics 1) grow. The level of unemployment is much higher in the states, for instance, in Michigan it exceeds 15%. The Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor regularly publishes data on the scale of unemployment according to the state and industry in the United States. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics does not take into account those who are not able to find a full-time job or are forced to engage in low-skilled work. The high unemployment rate in the state of Michigan is connected with the problematic condition of the automobile industry, in California – with the budget deficit exceeding $ 25 billion, in Utah – with the features of religious attitude of Mormons to (Rampell 53) work. It is also known that employment centers and labor fairs work better in Washington state and Virginia which has contributed to the lower unemployment rate. The whole list of cities in the United States with the highest rate of unemployment can be represented as follows:
- Yuma, Arizona (November, 2014 unemployment rate – 23.1%);
- El Centro, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 22.7%);
- Ocean City, N.J. (November, 2014 unemployment rate – 12.3%);
- Visalia-Porterville, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 12.2%);
- Merced, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 12.1%);
- Yuba City, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 12%);
- Hanford-Corcoran, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 11.7%);
- Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. (November, 2014 unemployment rate – 11.3%);
- Fresno, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 11.2%);
- Madera, Calif. (November, 2014 unemployment rate – 10.7%);
- Modesto, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 10.6%);
- Stockton-Lodi, Calif. (November, 2014 unemployment rate – 10.5%);
- Bakersfield, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 9.6%);
- Vineland-Bridgeton, N.J. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 9.2%);
- Yakima, Wash. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.8%);
- Longview, Wash. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.8%);
- Salinas, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.5%);
- Dalton, Ga. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.3%);
- McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, Texas (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.2%);
- Redding, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.1%);
- Rockford, Ill. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.1%);
- Danville, Ill. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.1%);
- Lake Havasu City-Kingman, Ariz. (November, 2014 unemployment rate – 8.0%);
- Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (November 2014 unemployment rate – 8.0%) (Bureau of Labor Statistics 1).
During the 2009 recession, unemployment covers all sectors of the economy and services in the U.S.: not only industry, construction and transport, but also trade, finance, business, and professional services, and even the tourism and entertainment (Rampell 62) industry. The largest dismissal of the state occurred in such industries as manufacturing, construction, wholesale and retail trade, the least dismissal happened in the agriculture, in the mining and oil and gas (Rampell 62) industry. At the same time, the highest unemployment rate that was recorded among the U.S. residents who were between the ages of 16 and 19 was 18.3%. In the United States, there is a high level of unemployment at the age of 55-59, which is associated with the differentiation of admission to (Rampell 63) work. This discrimination over the age drives people into a chronic stagnant form of unemployment and leads to a de-qualification. The number of unemployed men was almost two million more than women. The number of unemployed men was 7.2 million which is 57.8% (Bureau of Labor Statistics 1). In February 2009, the level of unemployed women in the United States was approximately 5.25 million people who are 42.2% (Bureau of Labor Statistics 1). In the active labor market, a relatively large number of people for one reason or another fall into the ranks of the unemployed during the year. However, the duration of such periods in the United States is short. The United States of America holds the first place in the world regarding the number of jobs created annually. Starting from 2009-2010, in the United States “American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan” was designed in order to help in the short term to combat unemployment, and in the long term to ensure the continued economic (Aaronson & Brave 25) growth. The plan is a combination of two methods: a large-scale budget investments in the economy and reduction of the taxes. The total cost of this project was $ 800-900 billion (Aaronson & Brave). The United States concentrated on the task of improving the structure of working places for people. The programs that have been developed are aimed to optimize the use of workers’ potential. The basis of such programs in the United States is an individual approach to each employee in the company, providing opportunities for in-service training in the workplace on an individual plan and advising on career issues as (Aaronson & Brave 31) well.
In this paper, the socio economic nature of unemployment was analyzed, and the characteristics of unemployment in the U.S. labor market were examined. While studying the problem of unemployment in the United States, the reason for the sharp increase in the unemployment rate in 2008-2010 was identified. It related to the decline in production and structural transformation in the economy as a result of the crisis phenomena. It should be noted that the policy to combat unemployment in the United States is quite effective because it is able not only to reduce unemployment to a normal level but also to ensure a sustainable economic growth.
Aaronson & Brave. Estimating the Trend in Employment Growth (PDF). Federal Reserve Bank
of Chicago. June 2013. Web. 30 Aug. 2017.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. How the Government Measures Unemployment. October 2012.
Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/ Web. 30 Aug. 2017.
Rampell, Catherine. The Forgotten Long-Term Unemployed. NYT. November 2012. Web. 30 Aug. 2017.
Unemployment is the one constant throughout history. Despite changing technology, the underlying principles of why unemployment occurs remain the same. It’s also what continues to this day. The three main causes of unemployment are economic conditions, new technology, and increasing populations.
Economic conditions are the main factor in unemployment. The 2008 economic crash caused unemployment to rise dramatically, and the same has been true of every economic slump throughout history. An economic crash causes businesses to fold and posts to disappear. If there isn’t enough money coming into a company, it can no longer afford to pay its employees.
Once a company fails to pay its employees it has no choice but to let them go. Sometimes, it reduces its size in waves of redundancies or it simply shuts down.
New technology also has an impact. As conventional tasks become more automated and more convenient, some employees find their posts obsolete. With no reason to continue paying them, they lose their jobs as the job simply disappears. It’s why the Swing Riots occurred in Britain during the 1830s. Workers fought against the introduction of threshing machines which would make many traditional jobs disappear.
In the 21st century, the main threats are robotics and increasingly intelligent computers. Professional filing systems which require teams of people to maintain are now on a single computer server controlled by a single person. This is the form of unemployment which happens during prosperous times when companies can afford to invest in new technologies.
Increasing populations often lead to unemployment at a slower rate. The numbers of unemployed have increased over the past few decades as the population has accelerated. To an extent, the increasing demand for goods and trade balances out the population increase, but businesses often fail to deal with the short-term consequences.
Initially, many young humans aren’t yet old enough to need the economy to enlarge itself. It will take at least 20 years before the economy needs to respond to growing demand. Children generally don’t figure in the size of the economy or the need for jobs, on a large scale. It’s only when they become adults things start to change.
And it doesn’t always keep pace with the number of adults in society. There are simply not enough employment roles for the number of applicants.
New technology and an increasing population generally go hand-in-hand. If technology remained the same the increasing population wouldn’t matter as the jobs would form naturally. The rescinding in the number of roles from multiple sides overwhelms the employment market and we finish with a shortfall in jobs.
Unemployment seems like a complicated issue as people attempt to take complicated formulae into account. Really, it’s caused by the same three things it has always been caused by. Poor economic conditions, new technological advances, and an increasing population have and always will continue to perpetuate the problem of unemployment.