2Unit 6 Assignment.Performance Management SystemsThe fundamental goal of performance management is to promote and improve employee eFec±veness. It is a con±nuous process where managers and employees work together to plan, monitor and review an employee's work objec±ves or goals and his or her overall contribu±on to the organiza±on. The ²ve criteria for eFec±veness of a performance management system are as follows:Strategic congruenceValidityReliabilityAcceptabilitySpeci²cityGoogle’s approach to performance management is based on innova±ve and technology tools. Goal se³ng exercises are very challenging because they create the very important strategic similari±es to business objec±ves .Employees set their own goals and have managers review them. Performance reviews are validated using peer reviews, manger reviews and self-assessments. The informa±on
Presentation on theme: "CE240 Young Children with Special Needs"— Presentation transcript:
1 CE240 Young Children with Special Needs
We will start at the top of the hour.Feel free to chat while you wait for class to begin.
2 Reminders:Our last seminar (Unit 9) will be held on Thursday January 13. No seminars will be held on Monday January 17 due to the holiday.Final Project due Tuesday January 18.If you have late or missing work that you would like to submit, please contact me ASAP. Our time together is short!No seminar or graded work for Unit 10.
3 Learning OutcomesIdentify resources for children with special needs in your state as well as information for Title V in your state Describe how these resources may be utilized by an Early Childhood Care Professional Compare IDEA, NCLB, ADA and 504 and explain their value
4 Research and Early Intervention
Early intervention research was performed on a group of mentally disabled children in This research showed that “the development of sound intelligence depends on appropriate stimulation in the environment (Cowdery & Allen, 2009, p. 36). This research was brought to the attention of policy holders. In 1965 Head Start was formed.
5 Civil Rights MovementThis movement began in Landmark legislation: Laws that were significant in helping those with disabilities Advocacy groups: Council for Exceptional Children (CEC); Division for Early Childhood (DEC) a division of CEC; American Speech, Language and Hearing Association (ASHA); American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR); Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps (TASH); and Association for Retarded Citizens (ARC) (Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p. 37).
6 Eligibility under Section 504
Section 504 is a federal law designed to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education (ED). To be protected under Section 504, a student must be determined to: 1) have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; 2) have a record of such an impairment, or 3) be regarded as having such an impairment.
7 Landmark LegislationUniversity Affiliated Facilities (PL ): 1963,this works to create, demonstrate, and evaluate intervention and educational programs,provide interdisciplinary training to professional trainees,conduct research on human development/developmental issues,establish university and community partnershipsHandicapped Children’s Early Education Assistance Act (PL ): 1968, no longer exists. Funds have been integrated into general fund for all children from birth to 21.(Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p. 41).
8 More on Landmark Legislation
Head Start Amendments (PL ): In 1974, regulations were changed mandating that 10% were those with developmental disabilities including mental retardation, deafness/hearing impairments, serious speech or visual impairments, crippling orthopedic impairments, chronic health impairments, and learning disabilities. Head Start continues to grow and expand in its services. In 2005, there were 906,993 children with 231, 000 staff members serving in 19,800 centers (Allen & Cowdery, 2009, 42).Note: Children with milder disabilities are not excluded, but they are not counted as part of the 10% enrollment.
9 Early Intervention and Prevention
Early Head Start: serves low income women and their young children. It works to transition families smoothly into Head Start. Disability Services Quality Improvement Centers: Formerly known as Regional Access Project (RAPs), Head Start provides training and consultation to programs serving children with disabilities (Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p. 43).
10 Developmental Disabilities
Developmental Disabilities Act (DDA) (PL ): Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and reauthorized in Section 504 focused on reducing discrimination. Individuals with disabilities are to be given access to jobs, education, housing and public buildings. States offering preschool programs have to provide services for children with disabilities, too. This includes children that do not qualify for Special Education Services.
11 IDEAEducation for All Handicapped Children Act (PL ): Law in Now called IDEA-Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; name reflects people first terminology.Guarantees the right to FAPE;Specific support for early education programs (like Child Find) for children under 5;Zero reject: local schools must provide for all regardless of severity of disability(Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p. 44)
12 IDEA ContinuedNondiscriminatory Evaluation: assessment of disability should be in accordance with child’s language and culture. Several types of evaluation: cognitive, adaptive, and social performances.Appropriate education: IEP or IFSP plan must be followed.Least Restrictive Environment: (inclusion) child will be taught in an inclusionary environment whenever possible. Supports to stay in this environment are also necessary( Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p. 44).
13 More on IDEADue Process: Parents have the right to call a hearing when not in agreement with the school. Child cannot be removed from classroom due to annoying or inconvenient behavior.The parent can examine all records.Parents are to be consulted about program before it goes into effect.Parents are to receive written notice of proposed changes/placement.Parents can request legal representation if problems cannot be resolved.(Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p. 45).
14 Education of the Handicapped Amendments (PL 99-457)
Services for children with disabilities from birth to three: IDEA 2004 covered under Part C ….. discretionary legislations. State may serve children but do not have to by law unless they serve nondisabled children of this age. Very young children do not need a label to be served. IFSP…each family and child must receive a multi-disciplinary written assessment of the services required . (Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p. 48).
15 Education of the Handicapped Amendments (PL 99-457)
Provides services for children ages three to fiveIncreased funding and established a five year time period to channel funds appropriately to each stateMandated: least restrictive environment, due process, child find, and IEPsStates that receive federal funds must provide parent support services.
16 NCLB: Professional development No Child Left Behind
Improve teacher’s knowledge of academic subjects taught School wide educational improvement plan Help teachers teach students to meet challenging standards Support teacher recruitment, hiring, and training Enable teachers to maintain high-quality, sustained intensive classroom focus Align with state standards Develop in collaboration with K-12 teachers/parents Assist teachers with Limited English Proficient (LEP) students
17 More about NCLBBe connected to effective instructional practices predicated on scientific research Increase teaching skills/knowledge of teachers Train in use of technology as it relates to improving performance on core subjects Regularly evaluated for impact Provide instruction in methods to those teaching children with special needs. Instruction in the use of data and assessments Instruction in working with parents Partnerships between K-12 and higher education to help prospective and beginning teachers to work under guidance of college faculty and experienced teachers Help paraprofessionals meet state standards (Allen & Cowdery, 2009, p ).
18 Unit 8 AssignmentsRead Chapter 2, "Federal Legislation: Early Intervention and Prevention", pp in your text, The Exceptional Child: Inclusion in Early Childhood Education
19 Unit 8 Resources1. Go to the Ed.gov site and find the resources available for children with special needs in your state. Click on your state or choose your state from the dropdown menu. 2. Go to and read "Protecting Students With Disabilities: Frequently Asked Questions About Section 504 and the Education of Children with Disabilities". 3. This week you'll visit the Department of Health and Human Services site and research information for Title V in your state. 4. Go to the American Academy of Pediatrics and view the comparison chart.
20 Unit 9 ProjectUnit 9’s Project is due on the Tuesday that ends Unit 9.January 18, 2010There are three parts in unit 9’s project.Part 1: Write a 2- to 4-page analysis of characteristics of THREE disabilities that overlap or may have the same characteristics and how they may be addressed. Include an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
21 Unit 9 Project: Part IIPart II: Review the Example in the link provided in unit 9’s project. A sample is given to help you design one intervention activity that targets any of the Short Term Objectives listed on the IEP for Alexis.Notice there are 4-5 Short Term Objectives listed below each Annual Goal. You also may refer to pp. 312–321 in your text The Exceptional Child: Inclusion in Early Childhood Education
22 Unit 9 Project: Part IIIPart III: Write 2- to 4-page paper discussing the teacher’s role in the IEP process and make a recommendation for Least Restrictive Environment. Also discuss what modifications will need to be made in that environment.Include one reference page and one title page for the entire Final ProjectIf you need help, please check out the Writing Center, the APA Quick Reference PPT, and/or contact me.
23 ReferencesAllen, E.K., Cowdery, G.E. (2009). The Exceptional Child: inclusion in early childhood education. United States of America: Thompson Delmar Learning Office for Civil Rights. Protecting students with disabilities. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from website Ed. Gov. (See web site in course as cannot type the reference correctly due to the platform for Seminars)