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Bedzed Uk Case Study

The BedZED project is the UK's first and largest carbon-neutral eco-community.

Background & Objectives

BedZED was developed by the Peabody Trust in partnership with Bill Dunster Architects and BioRegional Development Group, environmental consultants and completed in 2002. BedZED is a mixed-use, mixed-tenure development that incorporates innovative approaches to energy conservation and environmental sustainability. It is built on reclaimed land owned by the London Borough of Sutton, and was sold to Peabody Trust at below market value due to the planned environmental initiatives. The site was deliberately chosen to have good public transport links including two railway stations, two bus routes and a tramlink.

In relation to transport the aims of the development are to achieve a

  • A 50% reduction in fossil-fuel consumption by private car use over the next ten years compared with a conventional developments
  • A 10-year target to produce enough electricity from photovoltaic panels (which convert sunlight into energy) to power 40 electric vehicles.


To achieve these aims a Green Transport plan was developed, which includes

  • A 'pedestrian first' policy with good lighting, drop kerbs for prams and wheelchairs and a road layout that keeps vehicles to walking speed
  • On-site charging points for electric cars and a free public electric vehicle charging point in the nearby Sutton town centre. For owners of electric vehicles energy and parking will be free of charge
  • >
    • An onsite Car Club called 'ZEDcars'. Users pay by the hour and by the mile, aimed at encouraging residents to use other modes (walk, cycle, PT) for most journeys, although still have access to a car for journeys that require one
    • Limited car parking spaces within the development to discourage car ownership
    • Provision of on-site facilities (including social facilities and childcare amenities) and encouragement of home working and online shopping by residents to minimise travel to/from the development


    • A survey of BedZed residents in August 2003 found an average mileage of 2,061 miles/year, 35% of the local average.
    • The environmental savings from the Green transport plan have been estimated at 1.3 tonnes of CO2 per resident per year.

    A full evaluation of the transport impact are planned in 2008.

    Further information


BedZED: The UK's Biggest Eco-Community

The government'is committed to making all new homes and house building carbon neutral in the ongoing fight to prevent climate change. This will mean that all the carbon released in the build and day to day living in a property is neutralised by sequestering the same amount, therefore offsetting the effects. Sounds great - but making our homes green is easier said than done.

Many lessons can be learned by one existing eco community, which has been designed with carbon neutrality in mind. The Beddington Zero Energy Development - also known as BedZED, is the first and largest green, eco community in the UK. Its aim was to build an affordable, desirable and green place to live. In this article, we're looking at the BedZED development in more detail.

What Is BedZED?

BedZED is an eco community, consisting of 82 homes built on reclaimed land in Wallington, Surrey and was completed in 2002. According to the Peabody Trust, the social minded housing association and charity in London behind the development:

"The BedZED design concept was driven by the desire to create a net 'zero fossil energy development', one that will produce at least as much energy from renewable sources as it consumes. Only energy from renewable sources is used to meet the energy needs of the development. BedZED is therefore a carbon neutral development - resulting in no net addition of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere."

The Main Features of BedZED

Green BuildingsThe buildings were made using material specially designed to store heat when warm and release heat when colder - plus there's also the benefit of insulation around all the buildings. The build site was chosen because of its south facing position - which maximises the amount of sunlight reaching each property.

Renewable MaterialsThe BedZED eco community is built using renewable or recycled materials, sourced from sustainable forests and other sources. This helps to minimise the carbon footprint that went into the making of the homes.

Innovative HeatingThe design of each property means that all excess heat given off during everyday activities such as heating and cooking is stored and reused again. This helps to ensure that all forms of heat are used and not wasted, which in some cases eliminates the need to turn the heating on at all.

Reduce Energy ConsumptionThe finish in each property is designed with the environment in mind. This includes energy saving appliances and light bulbs as standard. The use of energy meters in each home helps make energy consumption more visible to each individual in their home, and more aware of how much energy each task in the home uses up.

Self Sufficient Heating and ElectricityBedZED receives its power from a small-scale combined heat and power plant. In energy generation at a coal power station, for example, the by product of heat that is given off during the generation of electricity is lost. With combined heat and power energy generation, this energy itself is harnessed and put into the system, used to heat water for all the properties, distributed using extra insulated pipes.

The plant itself is powered by off-cuts from tree surgery waste, which would otherwise reach the landfill.

BedZED: Changing House Building

The BedZED development caused a stir in the media when it was finished and opened in 2002 and has been praised for its environmental innovations. However the development has had its share of problems too - in particular overspend on its original budget, and several issues with the technology. However it can't be denied that BedZED has changed house builders' views on creating sustainable communities.

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I need to save Iris, where has she gone (I don't know). I want to rent a room from BedZed. Can someone tell me, How sustainable is Bedzed?

Flash - 6-Apr-17 @ 11:53 AM

hes safe and sound with me (he he he)

Philip - 23-Mar-17 @ 2:42 PM

Can anyone help me find my son

CosmicTommo - 23-Mar-17 @ 1:51 PM

hi please can you help me answer these questions How have they made BedZED zero emissions ?

kezz - 6-Mar-17 @ 10:41 AM

hi please can you help me answer a few questions the first thing i want to ask is if you can answer these questions >How have they made BedZED zero emissions ?

kezz - 6-Mar-17 @ 10:40 AM

clark - Your Question:

Is there a typo on the second line or how can you possibly believe that the government is actually going to complete there goal?

Our Response:

No, not a typo, it was written in 2008 and clearly then it was thought to be achievable by now! We've changed the text at the beginning of the article.

EnergySavingSecrets - 7-Dec-16 @ 12:36 PM

is there a typo on the second line or how can you possibly believe that the government is actually going to completethere goal?

clark - 6-Dec-16 @ 3:08 PM

my dad abused me, every night he would hit me and it wouldnt stop

gaddafi - 29-Nov-16 @ 1:01 PM

BedZED is sick.Loving those energy saving windows and whatever, only complaint is the fact living here is hell with the bloody vegans...

squilla the lady kil - 25-Nov-15 @ 12:50 PM

what is it like to live in bedZED

grackle4444 - 19-Feb-15 @ 5:36 PM